Meghalaya: Scotland of India India is a country of different geographical places. You can see mountains on one side with full greenery and on the other side you can see rivers with temples on the banks of it. Sea is in the south and cities from three sides are near the sea.

With the beautiful sceneries on the mountains, Kashmir is called the Heaven on the Earth. Laddakh brings the pictures of Boddh Lamas before us. Himachal with red apples on the green trees adds beauty to this state. Uttrakhand takes us near to God. Badrinath Kedarnath reminds us of the God.

Here the nature is very near to God.

Rajasthan, though being the desert has Mount Abu as a mountain in this State. Like this in the hot weather, in south you can see Ooty, Place of Tea Estates. Vindhyanchal Parbat is in the middle of the country, a line between the South and North Part of the country. Come to North East.

The whole part of the North East is covered with Mountains. The beautiful scenery of North East attracts the tourists. The honesty and simplicity of the people residing here touches the heart of the people visiting these places. Assam, Meghalaya, are the places which stand as a Security Guard to save us from the attacks of China and Bangladesh.

Meghalaya is located in the North East of India. The State share its border on the north and east with Assam and on the south and west with Bangladesh. Meghalaya with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. Covered from three sides with small shills, Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya is called the Scotland of India. The weather here is always pleasant.

The diverse range of soil types, including red loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton and Jute. Meghalaya has a strong floriculture sector and is one of the leading states in the Northeast in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. Meghalaya is richly endowed with flora, fauna, thick forests, ancient forest groves, large rivers and grass fields – making it an attractive tourism destination.


Let us know and have introduction with Scotland of India, Shillong, the Capital of Meghalaya, one of the small states of India and home to the Khasis. It is the headquarter of the East Khasi Hills. It is located at an average elevation of 4908 feet (1496 m) from sea level. According to the census of 2011, Shillong is the 330th most populous city of India with population of 1,43,007. It is said that the rolling hills around the town remind of the European settlers of Scotland. Hence Shillong is called the Scotland of East.


Pleasant, pollution free, summers and winters with 23 Degree average temperature. It has a varied culture with folk songs, folk dances and so on.

Wards lake

Situated in the mid of the city, Wards Lake is the famous place of Shillong where the tourists in large number visit. William Ward was the Commissioner of Assam. This lake took shape during his time, so it was named after him.

The local residents call it “Nun Polack” or “Polack Lake”. You can do boating here. According to the information received about this lake, it was built by a Khasi Prisoner, who for this work requested to be released and come out. The initial work done by him motivated the Administration to construct the lake.

Shillong Peak

Situated at 1900 meter height from the sea level, Shillong Peak is the highest peak of Shillong. You can have the full beautiful view of the whole city from this peak. It is said that this city got the name of Shillong due to this mountain. The local people are of the view that this God Leeshillong lives in this mountain and has an eye and control on the whole city from here and save the people from forthcoming problems. In addition to the beautiful view point, Army Force Radar is also here.

Temple of Goddess Jayanti

Jayanti Shaktipeeth is one of the 51 Shaktipeeths of India. Amongst three hills Garo, Khasi, Jayantia, the temple is situated on Jayantia hill. This Shaktipeeth is situated in Baur Village, 53 kms away from Jayantia Hill. The Sati is called as Jayanti and Shiva as “Kramdeeshwar”.

Police Bazaar

If you have come to Shillong, do visit police market for shopping. Police Market is the main market of Shillong. You can shop well for wooden items and winter clothes. Here you can easily get good options for food.

Nartiyang Monolith

The specialty of this place is that with heavy stones you can see green trees also. The best option to visit Nartiyang Monolith in Jayantia Hills is that from Shillong you book a cab and enjoy the place and its beauty in three four hours. There is no need to stay here because it is a very isolated place.

It is said that Yu Mar Falangi brought a huge stone patti from Raliyang Bazaar to Nartiyang Baazar. You can see the huge group of Monolith in Nartiyang Market.

More to it you can have the view of

1. Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Culture.

Publications, Training, Animation Programmes and museum.

2. Shillong Golf Club” Shillong has one of the biggest golf course clubs (wettest in the world)

3. Chrysalis Gallery

4. Elephant falls:

These are about 12 kms in the outskirts of Shillong.

5. Lady Haidri Park: It extends in one kilometer of area with a nearby mini zoo. 6. Motphran: Known as “Stone of France”.

How to Reach

There is Bargain Air Force Airport 30 kms away from Shillong. From Kolkata and Guwahati also, you can reach here by Air.

By Rail

The nearest railway station is Guwahati which is 105 kms from Shillong.

By Bus

It is connected by bus also. Assam State Roadway buses are run. (ASTC). Many private buses also run in between two cities Guwahati and Shillong. You can have buses in every half an hour. One must visit Shillong once.


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